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Are risk factors for sudden infant death syndrome different at night?
S M Williams , E A Mitchell , B J Taylor Archives of Disease in Childhood 2002;87:274-278 © 2002
Prone sleep position was more strongly associated with SIDS occurring during the day, whereas night time deaths were more strongly associated with maternal smoking and measures of social
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Sudden Infant Death Syndrome and the time of death: factors associated with night-time and day-time deaths. - by PS Blair, M Ward Platt, IJ Smith, PJ Fleming and the CESDI SUDI Research Group International Journal of Epidemiology
The majority of SIDS deaths (83%) occurred during night-time sleep, often after midnight, and at least four SIDS deaths occurred during every hour of the day. The risk of placing infants asleep on their side was more marked for day-time; the risk associated with paternal smoking was more marked for night-time deaths; significantly more unobserved SIDS infants were found with bedclothes over the head.
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Head covering – a major modifiable risk factor for sudden infant death syndrome: a systematic review P S Blair, E A Mitchell, E M A Heckstall-Smith, P J Fleming - BMJ Publishing Group Ltd & Royal College of Pediatrics and Child Health Published Online First: 1 May 2008. doi:10.1136/adc.2007.136366 Archives of Disease in Childhood 2008;93:778-783
Head covering is a major modifiable risk factor associated with SIDS deaths and parental advice to avoid this situation should be emphasized.
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Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) and Infant Re breathing of Carbon Dioxide: An Update from Halo Sleep Systems, Inc
William R. Schmid Founder and President, Halo Sleep Systems, Inc.
Includes explanation of re breathing and research references; statistics; information about Halo Sleep System.
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SIDS and carbon dioxide retention
Hunt CE, Hauck FR; Behrman RE, Kliegman RM, Jenson HB, editor. Sudden infant syndrome. In: Nelson textbook of pediatrics 17th ed.Philadelphia: Elsevier; 2004. p. 1380-5
SIDS and carbon dioxide retention around the infant due to re breathing of exhaled air SIDS infants have been found to have structural and neurotransmitter alterations in the brainstem which are consistent with abnormalities in autonomic regulation. . . susceptible to re breathing - induced asphyxiation. Soft mattresses, older mattresses and soft, fluffy bedding such as comforters, pillows, sheepskins and polystyrene - bean pillows have been associated with a 2-3 fold increased risk of SIDS.
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A Link Between Staphylococcus Infection And SIDS
Medical News Today Article Date: 12 Sep 2008 -0:00 PDT
A new study published in the Archives of Disease in Childhood suggests that Staphylococcus aureus and other bacterial infections may have been overlooked as possible causes of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS).
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”According to accepted research findings, even short-term relatively low level increases of particulate air pollution increase mortality and morbidity rates among all ages. The EPA found that even a small reduction in annual fine particulate matter emissions could reduce chronic respiratory illnesses and prevent thousands of deaths in the United States each year